Mimoza Zhubi


Tourism as a potential path for further development in the agricultural field has increased the attentiveness of farmers who designate further extension of their services. A lucid awareness of the possible increase in their income from tourism-related services in their daily activities has changed their perspective of the future of their business operation. We evaluated the quality of the milk produced from local farmers by performing DELVOTEST to assess the presence of antibiotic residues in cows. Moreover, we performed a questionnaire with topics corresponding to tourism-related activities implemented in their farm now or planned for the foreseeable future. In conclusion, elevated levels of antibiotic residues in the milk of the cows proved a decrease in the quality of their product. Some of the farmers have already started to engage in tourism-related services but a decline quality of their milk is considered to represent a barrier for attraction of customers in agro-tourism owing to the fact that quality improves image. Since this study was conducted in a low-income country, challenges of successful implementation of agro-tourism need to be further evaluated.


antibiotic residues, farm activities, tourism services


Achchuthan, Sivapalan & Rajendran, Kajananthan. (2012). A Study on Value Chain Analysis in Dairy Sector Kilinochchi District, Sri Lanka. Global Journal of Management and Business Research. 12. 1-13.

Ammirato, Salvatore & Felicetti, Alberto. (2014). The Agritourism as a means of sustainable development for rural communities: a research from the field. The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Environmental Studies. 8. 17-29.

Bailey K., Hardin D., Spain J., Garret J., Hoehne J., Randle R., Ricketts R., Steevens B., Zulovich J. (1997): An economic simulation study of large-scale dairy units in the Midwest. Journal of Dairy Science, 80: 205–214

Brandth, B., Haugen, M. (2011). Farm diversification into tourism – Implications for social identity? Journal of Rural Studies 27 (1), pp. 35-44.

Haq, Shamsheer & Boz, Ismet & Shahbaz, Pomi. (2016). Problems Encountered By Dairy Farms and Their Possible Solutions in Punjab Region of Pakistan.

Jank L, Martins MM, Arsand JB, Motta TM, Hoff RB, Barreto F, Pizzolato TM. Highthroughput method for macrolides and lincosamides antibiotics residues analysis in milk and muscle using a simple liquid–liquid ex-traction technique and liquid chromatography–electrospray–tandem mass spectrometry analysis (LC–MS/MS). Talanta. 2015;144:686–95.

Miller B (1993).Farm tourism-sustaining employment in a rural area, Agricultural Manpower., 1 (24):8–11.

Nickerson NP, Black RJ, McCool SF (2001). Agritourism: Motivations behind farm/ranch business diversification. J. Travel Res. 40(1):19- 26.

Ohe, Y. Assessing Managerial Efficiency of Educational Tourism in Agriculture: Case of Dairy Farms in Japan. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1931.

Weaver DB, Fennell D A (1997). The vacation farm sector in Saskatchewan: A profile of operations. Tourism Manag. 18(6):357- 365.

Full Text: PDF

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.